Download Citation | Bird flu: crossing borders | Despite recent reports from governments that bird flu is under control, it continues to spread through Asia's poultry. Avian influenza virus, strain H5N1, is the latest flu virus with the potential to trigger a pandemic outbreak of flu due to its high lethality in birds and humans. A successful vaccine alone is not enough to prevent avian flu epidemic. Branswell H. Bird flu vaccine requires huge doses; stretching strategies critical.
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Bird flu is a notifiable disease in animals, so you should report any suspected case in animals to the Animal and Plant Health Agency APHA , even if you're not sure.
Call the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Defra helpline on 33 55 77 if you find dead wild birds.
To prevent infection it is important not to touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find.
You can read more about notifiable diseases in animals and how to spot bird flu and what to do if you suspect it on the GOV.
UK website. Page last reviewed: 18 May Next review due: 18 May Bird flu. But there are 4 strains that have caused concern in recent years: H5N1 since H7N9 since H5N6 since H5N8 since Although H5N1, H7N9 and H5N6 don't infect people easily and aren't usually spread from human to human, several people have been infected around the world, leading to a number of deaths.
How bird flu spreads to humans Bird flu is spread by close contact with an infected bird dead or alive. This includes: touching infected birds touching droppings or bedding killing or preparing infected poultry for cooking Markets where live birds are sold can also be a source of bird flu.
Things you can do to prevent bird flu If you're visiting a foreign country that's had an outbreak you should: wash your hands often with warm water and soap, especially before and after handling food, in particular raw poultry use different utensils for cooked and raw meat make sure meat is cooked until steaming hot avoid contact with live birds and poultry What not to do: do not go near or touch bird droppings or sick or dead birds do not go to live animal markets or poultry farms do not bring any live birds or poultry back to the UK, including feathers do not eat undercooked or raw poultry or duck do not eat raw eggs There is no bird flu vaccine The seasonal flu vaccine doesn't protect against bird flu.
Symptoms of bird flu The main symptoms of bird flu can appear very quickly and include: a very high temperature or feeling hot or shivery aching muscles headache a cough Other early symptoms may include: diarrhoea sickness stomach pain chest pain bleeding from the nose and gums conjunctivitis It usually takes 3 to 5 days for the first symptoms to appear after you've been infected.
When to seek medical advice Call a GP or NHS if you experience any symptoms of bird flu and have visited an area affected by bird flu in the past 10 days.
Bird flu is caused by a type of influenza virus that rarely infects humans. More than a dozen types of bird flu have been identified, including the two strains that have most recently infected humans — H5N1 and H7N9.
When bird flu does strike humans, it can be deadly. Most people who have developed symptoms of bird flu have had close contact with sick birds.
In a few cases, bird flu has passed from one person to another. Only sporadic human cases have been reported since Health officials worry that a global outbreak could occur if a bird flu virus mutates into a form that transmits more easily from person to person.
Researchers are working on vaccines to help protect people from bird flu. Signs and symptoms of bird flu may begin within two to seven days of infection, depending on the type.
In most cases, they resemble those of conventional influenza, including:. Some people also experience nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
And in a few cases, a mild eye infection conjunctivitis is the only indication of the disease. See your doctor immediately if you develop a fever, cough and body aches and have recently traveled to a part of the world where bird flu occurs.
Be sure to let your doctor know if you visited any farms or open-air markets. Bird flu occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.
The disease is transmitted via contact with an infected bird's feces, or secretions from its nose, mouth or eyes. Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection and can spread the disease into the wider community.
Undercooked poultry meat or eggs from infected birds can transmit bird flu. Poultry meat is safe to eat if it's been cooked to an internal temperature of F 74 C.
Eggs should be cooked until the yolks and whites are firm. Although there are several types of bird flu, H5N1 was the first avian influenza virus to infect humans.
The first infection occurred in Hong Kong in The outbreak was linked to handling infected poultry. H5N1 occurs naturally in wild waterfowl, but it can spread easily to domestic poultry.
The disease is transmitted to humans through contact with infected bird feces, nasal secretions, or secretions from the mouth or eyes. H5N1 has the ability to survive for extended periods of time.
Birds infected with H5N1 continue to release the virus in feces and saliva for as long as 10 days. Touching contaminated surfaces can spread the infection.
It can offer preliminary results in only four hours. Your doctor may also perform the following tests to look for the presence of the virus that causes bird flu:.
In most cases, treatment with antiviral medication such as oseltamivir Tamiflu or zanamivir Relenza can help reduce the severity of the disease.
However, the medication must be taken within 48 hours after symptoms first appear. The virus that causes the human form of the flu can develop resistance to the two most common forms of antiviral medications, amantadine and rimantadine Flumadine.
The outlook for bird flu infection depends on the severity of infection and the type of influenza virus causing it.
Call your doctor if you have flu symptoms within 10 days of handling birds or traveling to areas with a known avian flu outbreak. If you develop both the avian flu and human flu at the same time, it could create a new and possibly deadly form of the flu.
However, you can minimize your risk by avoiding:. Experts recommend that the vaccine be used if H5N1 begins to spread among people.
Influenza, or the flu, is a viral infection that attacks the lungs, nose, and throat. Parrot fever is a rare infection caused by Chlamydia psittaci, a specific type of bacteria.To prevent infection it is important not to touch or pick up any dead or visibly sick birds that you find. Here are eight products to help prevent you from getting sick and also to help you feel better if you come down with the flu. Getting treatment quickly, using antiviral medicine, may Birf Flu complications and reduce the risk of developing severe illness. See your doctor immediately Parndorf Fc you develop a fever, cough and body aches and have Book Of Ra Games Mobile traveled to a part of the world where bird flu occurs. Is the Flu Dangerous? Plans are in place to manage any suspected cases. The disease is transmitted via contact with an infected bird's feces, or secretions from its nose, mouth or eyes. This vaccine could be used Stargames Book Of Ra Strategie in such Slotmaschinen Gratis Downloaden outbreak to provide limited protection until another vaccine — Schwarz Roulette to protect against the specific form of the virus causing the outbreak — is developed and produced. The disease is transmitted to humans through Online Pokerspiele with infected bird feces, nasal secretions, or secretions Birf Flu the mouth or eyes. Bird flu, also called Lysia Clubcasino Lubeck influenza, is a viral infection that can infect not only birds, but also humans and Free Slots Game Online Bonus animals.